Draft:Terrorism: Causes & Solutions
From Gun Retort
“I was full of hate because I didn't know I deserved to be loved.” – Recovered terrorist https://www.lifeafterhate.org/media
“Development is a lot cheaper than sending soldiers.” – Robert Gates, Former Secretary of Defense https://borgenproject.org/national-security-and-global-poverty/
In March of 2010, fifty retired three and four star generals called on Congress to increase funding for the International Affairs Budget. The Generals noted that investments, non-military tools of development, and diplomacy foster economic and political stability on a global scale. It also strengthens our allies and fights the spread of poverty, disease, terrorism and weapons of mass destruction. https://borgenproject.org/national-security-and-global-poverty/
Poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, and weak family structures make or contribute to making young men vulnerable to radicalization. To weaken the armed groups’ abilities to radicalize and recruit young men, the government could strengthen education, job training, and job creation programs; design robust programs to aid destitute children; and embark on an anticorruption campaign. https://www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR348-Why_do_Youth_Join_Boko_Haram.pdf
Violence seems to be more closely linked with a sense of injustice due to economic and political exclusion. https://www.cipe.org/resources/drivers-violent-extremism/
A more important driver than personal grievances may be perceived injustice. Both material (monetary) and non-material (status, power, glory, and honour) rewards are also found to provide motivation for involvement. Being well-educated and aware about alternative, non-extremist ethnic or religious groups, and being financially stable, were found to increase resilience to participating in violent extremism. One study also suggests that, at least on a community level, experiencing violence does not necessarily lead to violent retaliation. http://optimityadvisors.com/sites/default/files/research-papers/Extremism%20-%20Home%20Office.pdf
Social networks and personal relationships pull individuals into violent extremist organizations, keep them there, and radicalize them. Many individuals join violent extremist groups as a way to find meaning in their lives. A violent extremist organization can provide that sense of identity and meet other basic needs. Most individuals who become violent do so after a period of socialization. Seven political drivers that are often present in countries producing violent extremism: (1) Denial of basic political rights (political exclusion) and civil liberties; (2) Highly repressive regimes that engage in gross violations of human rights; (3) Endemic corruption and impunity for well-connected elites; (4) The presence of safe havens, poorly-governed or ungoverned areas; (5) Pre-existing, protracted and violent local conflicts that can be exploited by violent extremist organizations seeking to advance their own agendas; (6) State sponsorship of violent extremist groups; and (7) Discredited regimes with weak or non-existent oppositions.27 A country’s lack of political rights can have an indirect link to economic development as wealthier countries tend to respect civil liberties. For many VE actors, exposure to harsh government repression, in particular torture, is a large factor in radicalization. https://www.cipe.org/resources/drivers-violent-extremism/
Policymakers must avoid the temptation of confusing the defeat of one brutal terrorist organization with victory against terrorism. Victory against terrorism cannot be achieved only through the military action, law enforcement, or even targeted messaging campaigns that have been the hallmark of bipartisan U.S. policy across three administrations now. To reduce the threat posed by terrorism to its homeland, its citizens, its interests, and the world order it has constructed, the United States will have to work to attenuate the conditions that continue to attract new recruits to the terrorist cause, including ideology. https://bipartisanpolicy.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/BPC-National-Security-Defeating-Terrorist-Not-Terrorism.pdf
Hunters Rebellion https://m.facebook.com/groups/1446302029005520?view=permalink&id=1813996115569441&ref=m_notif%C2%ACif_t%3Dfeedback_reaction_generic
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Pages Tagged: Terrorism
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